Lake Manyara is the refuge for wildlife, the name delivered from the plant called Euphobia tirucalii, known as a Emanyara in Maasai language the Masaai are use this tree to protect their bomas (hedge). The park was declared as a man and biosphere reserve in 1981. With the area of 648.7 sq. km (402 sq miles) of which 262.7 sq km (163 sq. miles) is covered by lake and 386 sq. km(240 sq miles) is dry land and alkaline with Ph of about 9.5 of Lake Manyara.
The lake has a large five distinctive habitat that support a wealth of wildlife such as the ground water forest, open grassland, acacia woodland, rift valley wall and shallow soda lake itself which occupied 77% of the national park. The park is well Famous for tree climbing lion, which re occasionally seen along braches of acacia tree. Other animal found in the park include buffalos, elephants, leopards, baboons, impala, giraffes, zebra, wildebeest, ostrich and hippos. It also recorded to have 400 bird species found in the most savannah and river habitant in east Africa. Common water birds to seen here are pelicans, spoonbill, hammerkops, Egyptian gees and migratory flamingos which arrive in hundreds of thousands crating one of Africa great natural sight over the soda lake.
The rifty valley escarpment form noteworthy landmark providing a spectacular backdrop to the Lake Manyara. To the east Lake Manyara lies kwakuchinja wildlife corridor that allow wildlife to migrate between dispersal area and park that include Tarangire national park to the southeast , Lake Manyara to the to the west rift valley , Ngorongoro Highland and Serengeti national park to the north.